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There are "four dissimilarities" in Dali, Yunnan. They look weird, and their whereabouts are hidden. They will spend the night on the cliffs

Time:2023-03-27 13:57:47 author:Mammal Read:502次
There are "four dissimilarities" in Dali, Yunnan. They look weird, and their whereabouts are hidden. They will spend the night on the cliffs

The Cangshan Erhai National Nature Reserve, located in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, contains a variety of ecosystems, including water ecosystems, forest ecosystems and inland wetland ecosystems due to its wide area and diverse terrain. system-based. Cangshan Erhai Nature Reserve is a multi-level comprehensive nature reserve. Its unique geographical location and climatic environment, coupled with less human interference, create a rich and colorful world of wild animals and plants. There are many wild animals in the reserve, including dozens of national protected animals, including macaques, otters, and red-bellied pheasants. The ecological environment is superior, and the climate is warm and pleasant, which enables a large number of wild animals to survive and multiply here. Recently, on the west slope of Cangshan Mountain in Yangbi County, Cangshan Erhai Nature Reserve, the scientific research team took pictures of the activity of wild Chinese serows. At that time, a strange-looking animal that looked like a donkey and a sheep appeared in front of the camera. It came down from the mountain and walked to a water source, bent down and drank water. After discovering the existence of the camera, he quickly ran away and disappeared into the jungle. It is reported that this discovery is also the first time that a wild Chinese serow has been photographed in this area, which is very precious.

Chinese serows are tall and long-legged, nicknamed "Four Dislikes"

Chinese serows are bovids and serows. Misled by the word "China" in its name, in fact, their distribution is not limited to China, but also exists in some Southeast Asian countries such as Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. Chinese serows are tall and long-legged, and at first glance they are "speed-type" species. When they are adults, they can reach a height of 1 meter at the shoulder, a body length of 140-170 cm, a weight of 85-140 kg, and robust limbs. The fur on Chinese serows is dark gray or reddish gray, and the long and fluffy mane on the neck is their biggest feature. Unlike other ungulates, the sexual dimorphism of Chinese serows is not obvious. Both males and females have short, smooth and curved horns on their heads. As we all know, Jiang Ziya's mount in myths is a mythical beast called "Four Dislikes". In reality, animals that can be called Four Dislikes are mainly elk and reindeer. But you know what? In fact, the Chinese serow also has the title of four dislikes, because its horns are like deer horns, its hooves are like cow hooves, its ears are like donkey ears, and its head is like sheep. All kinds of characteristics are combined to form such a strange appearance of the Chinese serow. Because of its strange appearance, it looks like a donkey and a sheep, so it is also called "mountain donkey" by the people, which is a relatively mysterious animal. According to legend, the prototype of the "coffin beast" in the folk tale is likely to be the Chinese serow, because their whole body is slightly dark brown, just like a coffin.

Most active in the morning and evening, and loves to eat various fungi

Chinese serows are typical tropical and subtropical animals, mainly living at altitudes of 1000-4400 meters. In forests or rocky shrub forests, their main places of activity also shift as the seasons change. Simply put, it is more active in the high-altitude cliff areas in summer, and in the lower-altitude forest areas in winter. Chinese serows are not as social as other herbivores. They mostly live alone or in small groups in the forest, and rarely form large groups. Their activities have certain rules, and they are mostly active in the morning and evening. It is not easy to witness them on weekdays. Chinese serows are herbivores with a wide range of food, feeding on leaves, twigs and seedlings of various plants in the forest. Like many ungulates, Chinese serows also like to lick salt and alkali, and they often appear near salt-rich rocks and soil in the forest. Chinese serows also have a big hobby, which is to pick up and eat all kinds of fungi, which are their favorite snacks. Sometimes, in order to eat a mouthful of fresh mushrooms, they would travel through mountains and rivers to look for them in the forest. This kind of obsession with food, I have seen it on lynx before, they can even run more than ten kilometers for a bite of rabbit meat.

Alert temperament, will spend the night on cliffs

Chinese serows are very alert temperament, even in the process of eating, they will stop and look around frequently, A little disturbance in the surroundings can arouse their alertness. And they also have defenses when they sleep. When choosing a rest area, a raised area with better vision is often chosen. For example, sometimes Chinese serows choose to spend the night on cliffs, so that they can quickly detect danger. And the cliffs can also block most predators with poor climbing ability. In addition, low-lying places may also be chosen as resting places, because such places are easy to hide. Chinese serows are agile and have strong mobility even in rocky areas. They are very fast and run like a gust of black wind. Chinese serows were called "Tianma" in ancient times, and they believed that they could fly through the clouds and mists on Mount Huangshan. It is not difficult to imagine that when the ancients saw such a strange-looking animal with a long "horsehair" on its neck, galloping through the mist-shrouded mountains, it was indeed magical. Not too much. Compared with names such as "Mountain Donkey" and "Coffin Beast", "Pegasus" sounds a lot taller in an instant. In the past, due to the deforestation of a large number of forests, coupled with the large size of the Chinese serows and the high quality of their hides, they were hunted a lot, resulting in a sharp decline in the population. Over the years, as the ecological environment has improved, their numbers have gradually recovered, and the probability of people witnessing it has also increased. For example, in April, the Siguniang Mountain National Nature Reserve and the first-class Yellow Muntjak Provincial Nature Reserve, all took pictures of wild Chinese serows. Follow me and make a friend who understands animals.


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