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"Shou Ji" was discovered in Heyuan, Guangdong. It was clumsy, but its whereabouts were very hidden. When it was in danger, it would do stupid things.

Time:2023-03-20 19:53:44 author:Zoo Read:824次
"Shou Ji" was discovered in Heyuan, Guangdong. It was clumsy, but its whereabouts were very hidden. When it was in danger, it would do stupid things.

Huangniushi Provincial Nature Reserve is located in the north of Lianping County, Heyuan City, Guangdong Province. It is located on the Jiulian Mountains in northern Guangdong, surrounded by continuous peaks, numerous streams, and high vegetation coverage in the area. The superior natural ecological environment makes the reserve very suitable for the survival of all kinds of wild animals. There are more than 20 kinds of mammals and 53 kinds of birds recorded in the book. They have survived and reproduced well here. Recently, the scientific research monitoring team was surprised to find that the infrared camera set up in the core area of ​​the reserve captured the picture of the yellow-bellied pheasant when sorting out the picture data captured by the infrared camera in the first half of the year. This discovery made the staff on the spot excited, because this was the first time in Heyuan City that a moving image of the yellow-bellied pheasant was photographed. I saw that on a hillside, a yellow-bellied pheasant suddenly appeared in front of the camera. The feathers on its body were very gorgeous, but it looked a bit dull. It walked past the camera with a leisurely expression. Since the field infrared camera monitoring was launched in 2021, the photo of the yellow-bellied pheasant this time can be regarded as a major discovery, because it is very precious, known as the "giant panda among birds", and it belongs to the national first-class protected animal. It appears in the protected area, indicating that the local ecological environment has been greatly improved, and the protection work has achieved obvious results.

The male yellow-bellied pheasant is gorgeous and is known as the "longevity chicken"

The yellow-bellied pheasant is a unique species of my country Birds are mainly distributed in southern provinces such as Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang. They generally live in mountain forests at an altitude of 600-1800 meters. They have high environmental requirements and like to live in warm and humid places, especially in places with dense vegetation and many shelters. area. In the pheasant family, the yellow-bellied pheasant is definitely the most showy species, but only for male birds. The sexual dimorphism of the yellow-bellied pheasant is very obvious. The feathers on the back of the male bird are chestnut brown, with a light yellow round spot, and there is a black edge around the round spot. The hair on the abdomen is brownish-yellow, hence the name "Yellow-bellied Pheasant". The male birds are very gorgeous in appearance. In addition to the gorgeous and colorful feathers on their bodies, chestnut-red crests and blue fleshy horns will grow on their heads. Their most obvious feature is that there is a long fleshy skirt in front of their necks. . There are turquoise blue and vermilion decorative stripes on the meat skirt. These stripes look like a traditional "shou" character from a distance, so in some areas of Guangdong, they are used to call them "shouji". And because this feature looks like a colorful ribbon, this kind of bird is regarded as auspicious in the eyes of the ancients, so it is also customary to call it the "spitting bird". Compared with the gorgeousness of the male bird, the female bird is very "simple", basically a whole body tan with some spots on it.

The body is clumsy, it is not good at flying, but its whereabouts are very secret.

Among birds, the yellow-bellied pheasant is considered to be medium and large in size, reaching a length of 50- 65 cm. As a pheasant, many people may have guessed that they are not good at flying. The body of the yellow-bellied pheasant is relatively clumsy and its flying ability is relatively weak, so they usually run on the ground in daily life, which is why they like the densely vegetated areas under the forest, because in this kind of environment, it is more convenient for them to hide and escape. . The yellow-bellied pheasant is very timid and slow to respond, but there are many natural enemies, such as leopard cats, yellow-throated marten, etc., which can easily hunt them, so the yellow-bellied pheasant's whereabouts are very secretive on weekdays, and it is easy to not show up. . On weekdays, the yellow-bellied pheasant mostly forages on the ground, eating the roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds of some plants, as well as some termites, insects and other small animals. But at night, in order to guard against some predators on the ground, the yellow-bellied pheasant will run to the trees to spend the night. On snowy or rainy days, they also spend more time in trees, including feeding there. The clumsiness of the yellow-bellied pheasants is also reflected in their ability to build nests. Most birds are engineers in nature, and the nests are built more beautifully. However, the yellow-bellied pheasant is an exception. Their nests are very simple and loosely structured. Only some leaves and moss are simply piled up, which can be easily damaged. For example, jays will take the initiative to destroy their nests and smash their eggs. According to a research study, 48% of the nests of the yellow-bellied pheasant were destroyed by other animals.

"Stupid like a chicken", will do stupid things in the face of danger

We often use "frightened like a chicken" to describe stupidity, or because of too much fear and fright As a result, it looks stunned in place, and the yellow-bellied pheasant is a typical "dumb chicken". They are clumsy and unresponsive. When they hear abnormal noises around them, most animals' first reaction is to run away. The yellow-bellied pheasant is not the case. They will first stand in place and look around, first figure out what is going on, and are very curious. However, there are many dangers in nature, and the chance to escape is often in an instant. This habit of the yellow-bellied pheasant makes it easy for them to be preyed on by other animals. In addition to being curious, the yellow-bellied pheasant has a more "suffocating" operation, that is, when the danger is approaching and they have no time to escape, they will plunge into the grass, and then the body is still exposed. It's like hiding your ears and stealing a bell, thinking that your head is hidden in it, you can't see the other party, and the other party can't see you, it's stupid. Although the yellow-bellied pheasants are so timid and stupid, they are very strong when they are "inward". They have a strong sense of territory, especially during the estrus period, the male bird will occupy the mountain as the king, divide their own territory, and "quack" every day, declaring their ownership of the territory. The gorgeous meat skirt in front of the neck of the male bird will play its role during the courtship period. When the male bird confesses to the female bird, he will crouch in front of it and show his gorgeous meat skirt. If the female bird is interested, she will cast a fiery gaze and stare closely at the male bird. And the male bird who feels being watched will become more excited and show off himself vigorously to complete the entire courtship process. In general, young and strong males are favored, and their meat skirts are more showy and good-looking. And the male birds that are old and frail will not have female birds looking at them, let alone have the ability to compete for territory, so they will become "homeless". Follow me and make a friend who understands animals.


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