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Qinling was shocked to see the "six dissimilarities", with high backs and groups of activities, the leopard had to detour when it saw it?

Time:2022-11-27 10:21:00 source:ucutxmastrees.com author:Beast Read:768次
Qinling was shocked to see the "six dissimilarities", with high backs and groups of activities, the leopard had to detour when it saw it?

On August 29, a tourist was hiking near the Dawen Gong Temple in Taibai Mountain, Shaanxi Province, when he suddenly saw a rare white animal appearing on the opposite hill, standing motionless and staring at him. The tourist excitedly took out his mobile phone, took a video of his encounter with it, waved to the animal, and shouted, "My own! My own!" Who knows, the animal glanced at him, turned its head, and I ran away, as if saying: "I'm not familiar with it, I'm a national first-class protected animal, who is your own person?"

The name is a cow but a sheep

This rare animal is the takin, which has a very special appearance and is called "six dislikes": it looks like a large and muscular cow on the whole, but its back is like a brown bear Generally tall and bulging, the face is like a moose, the tail is broad and flat like a sheep's tail, the hind legs are like a hyena, and the horns on the head are like wildebeest. Although the takin is called cattle, it is classified into the subfamily of sheep, which means that it is actually a kind of sheep, and the sound is the same as that of sheep, and it is closely related to sheep, and the relationship is closer than that of goats and sheep. However, unlike sheep, takins, both male and female, have a pair of long horns. Its horns grow slightly inward from the forehead, and turn a few turns so that the horn tip faces the back of the head, so it is also called "golden takin". Takin is also the national animal of Bhutan, known as "Takin", and has a high status. There are 4 subspecies of takin, and their coat color varies according to the breed and age. Among them, the Qinling takins are covered with long golden hair, and together with the giant pandas, golden monkeys and crested ibis, they are called "Four Treasures of Qinling Mountains". There are only thousands of takins in China. They often come and go in groups. There may be more than 20 takins in a population, and large populations can reach more than 100. The long hair on their bodies makes them not afraid of cold, but it also makes them very afraid of heat. When the temperature reaches 30°C in summer, takins can breathe more than 100 times per minute, so they only like to live in forests and grasses above 2,500 meters above sea level. in the garden. Perhaps because they are worried that their living environment will be destroyed, they are not afraid of fire like most animals, but have the habit of stepping on fire.

There are no tigers, and there are only the same kind of opponents

The group of takins is a typical "matrilineal society", mainly composed of female takins and cubs, and the male takins are generally Like to live alone, takin herds are raised in groups, and each cow treats the calf as her own. Let the calf stay in the middle when foraging and resting, and there will also be a robust takin at a high place to watch and listen carefully to the surrounding movement. "Push" warning sound, the herd will quickly gather, and then the cows will turn their horns out to defend against the threat. Although takins are national first-class protected animals, and they have a simple and honest appearance, their fighting power is not low. Male takins can weigh up to 300 kilograms, and females can also weigh 250 kilograms. It is said that the heaviest takins can weigh up to 1 ton. They also have the habit of polishing their horns. The two horns are very sharp, and their combat effectiveness should not be underestimated. Takins use trees to polish their horns. Although the weight of takins is heavy, their bodies are basically muscles. They can even jump between cliffs and cliffs. With their strong bodies and brute force, there are no hoofed animals in the Qinling Mountains. compete with them for food. Their natural enemies are only predators like tigers, leopards and jackals. Tigers and jackals are currently on the verge of extinction, and leopards, which are relatively common in the Qinling Mountains, can't get much benefit from a takin group, and can only prey on those takin or cubs that are left alone. Although there are a lot of wolves, the takins will not sit still in the face of the threat of wolves. The strongest takin in the takin herd will lead the herd to charge forward with a mighty and irresistible force. This group defense behavior is rare and is only observed in large, horned species such as takin, musk ox and African buffalo. When African buffaloes charge, even lions dare not confront them head-on. Although takins are not as strong as African buffaloes, their opponents are not as strong as lions. African buffaloes and lions, except for tigers, leopards, and wolves, are not in harmony with takins. Male takins roam outside the herd and fight for females during the breeding season. If the difference is huge, the loser will naturally run away. If they are evenly matched, the two takins will attack each other with their sharp horns and bodies, often resulting in blood flowing from one side to the other. Such battles often end in serious injury and death if one side is over-confident and unwilling to admit defeat. The winning party will fall in love with the female, and after the mating is complete, the male takin will leave to find the next herd. Female takins, on the other hand, give birth to calves after 8 months of gestation, which are raised by the entire group. The real threat to them is still top predators like tigers, but now tigers are also an endangered species. Without the suppression of tigers, takins seem to have become the uncrowned kings in the plateau forest, and their numbers are increasing year by year.

Why do some people think that increasing their numbers is not a good thing?

However, although takin is a first-class protected animal in my country, some people think that the increase in their number is not a good thing. Takins like to sharpen their horns to keep their horns sharp, so what do they use to sharpen their horns? Naturally, it is a tall tree that is ubiquitous in the forest. The trees that they use to grind their horns often die because of the bark falling off. It is not a matter of a day or two for these trees to grow up, and takins like group activities. Often kills entire trees in the forest. It's fine if it's just grinding its horns. Like goats, takins eat almost any plant that can get to their mouths. Its food includes at least more than 100 kinds of plants. If there is a lack of food in winter, they will also push down the trees with the thickness of the mouth of a bowl, and then eat the bark. Naturally, these trees will not survive. In the beginning of spring, takins will descend the mountain in groups, and then nibble all the way from the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain, making a mess of the sprouting vegetation. The expansion of the number of cattle has made the ecological environment of the Qinling Mountains change rapidly, which has had an impact on all kinds of wild animals living in the forest. The most serious thing is that the takin threatened the surrounding villagers and even caused the death of the villagers. Groups of takins are actually less dangerous. When they see or hear people's voices, they will try to escape first. On the contrary, a single takin is very dangerous and can easily attack people. These takins often leave the group because they get lost. Not only are they short-tempered, but they are also prone to go to villages and towns under the mountain to wreak havoc and even attack humans. In the past, takins who walked alone broke into the city and also targeted the electric gate of the primary school. Fortunately, they were finally expelled by the police, otherwise the consequences would be disastrous. So much so that when the villagers living under the Qinling Mountains saw the takins going down the mountain, they all called out "The Bull Demon King" came down the mountain! Although many people are worried that tigers will hurt people, it turns out that tigers are also an indispensable part of the wild environment, which is why there have been calls for wild tigers to return to the mountains. Relying on human restraint alone, sometimes faced with these wild animals, it still seems to be at a loss. References "Ecological Elegy: "Cow Eats People" in the Depths of the Qinling Mountains" Long Can "How Many Takins Are There" Ma Yingtai "Six Dissimilar Takins" Hua Huilun "Qinling Takins" Peng Yining

(责任编辑:Botanical Garden)

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