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A large number of "six dissimilarities" were found in Chongzhou, Sichuan, foraging in the mountains, no natural enemies under the tigers

Time:2022-11-29 03:38:20 source:ucutxmastrees.com author:Beast Read:131次
A large number of "six dissimilarities" were found in Chongzhou, Sichuan, foraging in the mountains, no natural enemies under the tigers

The Giant Panda National Park in the western region of my country covers a very wide area. It is located on the Qinling Mountains, Minshan Mountains, Qionglai Mountains and other mountain systems. It involves many nature reserves, various types of ecosystems, and high forest coverage. It is a comprehensive park. National Park. Although the main protection object is the giant panda, because the giant panda is an umbrella species, and the umbrella protection function is very strong, all wild animals in the Giant Panda National Park have benefited. As one of the areas with the highest biodiversity in my country, the Giant Panda National Park is extremely rich in wildlife resources, and different areas have different scenery. In the Chongzhou area of ​​the Giant Panda National Park, a herd of takins with more than 20 members was recently monitored. They gather on a hillside, sometimes foraging in groups, sometimes strolling leisurely, sometimes playing and playing, and they are so uncomfortable, which presents us with a picture of heaven. There are 4 subspecies of takin, namely: Qinling takin, Sichuan takin, Gongshan takin, Bhutan takin, just 4 species are distributed in my country. The takin that appeared in the Chongzhou area of ​​the Giant Panda National Park is the Sichuan subspecies.

The takin is nicknamed "Six Dislikes", and its body is thick

The takin is a large herbivore of the family Bovid and Takin , they are thick in size, with a shoulder height of about 1.1-1.2 meters, adult males can weigh up to 400 kilograms, and very few larger individuals can even grow up to a ton. Due to the different environments, the four species of takin also have some differences in coat color, and they show a certain pattern: from south to north, the coat color gradually becomes lighter. Therefore, the Qinling takins are the most beautiful. Although they are gray-black when they are young, their hair will turn yellow-white when they are in their prime, and golden-yellow when they are old. They look golden in the sun, just like "divine beasts" from the sky. ". Relatively speaking, the Sichuan takin that appeared in the Chongzhou area did not look so good-looking because of the darker hair on the back half of the body. As we all know, Jiang Ziya's mount in myths is an animal called "Four Dissimilars". This animal also has a prototype in reality, that is, the elk. But you know what? Compared with the "four dislikes", there are two more takins, which are called "six dislikes". Its face is like a horse but it is not a horse, its horns are like a wildebeest but it is not a wildebeest, its back is raised like a brown bear, its hind legs are like a hyena with low buttocks, its hooves are like a cow but it is not a cow, its tail is like a sheep but not a sheep. The characteristics of several animals are combined on the same animal, so the shape of the takin is rather peculiar. However, on the whole, the characteristics of cattle and sheep on takins are more obvious.

Takins are fierce and leopards are afraid of them

The inherent impression of many people is that herbivores are more docile, while carnivores are more ferocious and scary. While there is some truth to this view, there are many exceptions. For example, on the African continent, the phenomenon of hippos hurting people is much more than that of lions, and it is rated as one of the most dangerous animals in the world. Although the takin also has a simple and honest appearance like a cow, in fact, its ferocity is no less than that of tigers and leopards. According to a report by Chengdu Business Daily in 2008, takins frequently attacked people. In the past ten years, more than 20 people were killed and more than 150 people were injured. Because the takins in Qinling frequently attack people, they are also called "the number one beast" in Qinling. In the past, tigers lived in most forests in my country, especially South China tigers. Although they look like special products in South China from the name, they actually have a wide distribution range. Almost half of China has their survival traces. As the king of the forest, the South China tiger feeds on various large herbivores, controls their population growth, and plays an important role in maintaining the balance of the forest ecosystem. Unfortunately, since the 1950s, the number of South China tigers has declined sharply, and later became extinct in the wild. After the disappearance of tigers, although leopards replaced some of the ecological niches of tigers, they are not as large and powerful as South China tigers after all, and have limited restraint on large herbivores such as takins. Leopards are almost powerless to adult takins, and they will even take the initiative to avoid them, so over the years, takins have grown rapidly.

Takin likes to live in groups, and the team is disciplined

Takin is a typical alpine species, generally inhabiting alpine forests or plateau meadows above 2,500 meters above sea level. The seasons will show a certain degree of migration. Generally speaking, they go to higher altitudes in summer, and migrate to lower altitudes in winter. Takins have strong clusters, often a dozen or so moving together, and even larger takin herds can reach hundreds of members. Especially in winter, the size of the takin herd will be relatively larger. Adult males will appear relatively unsocial, often acting alone, and are known as "lone bulls". A single cow is quite dangerous. Most of the people who attack people are single cows. This is why it is said that encountering a single cow is more dangerous than encountering a takin herd. The takin herd is a very disciplined team, and during feeding or activities, a sturdy member will stand on a high place to watch around and take on the heavy duty of guarding. And when they need to move, the sturdy bulls will be at the front and back of the line, leading and leading the pack. In the middle of the team are the female cows and the young cows, they follow one by one. If it encounters an enemy, the leading bull will lead the herd to rush towards the other side, unstoppable, even the tiger has to flee in the face of this kind of battle, let alone other animals.

Negative effects of takins on giant pandas

The range of takins and the habitat of giant pandas overlap to a certain extent, did you know? Although giant pandas have evolved to eat bamboo over millions of years, avoiding competition with most herbivores, takins will still have a certain negative impact on giant pandas. The belligerent takin has a habit of regularly grinding their horns with tree trunks to make them smooth and sharp. This kind of behavior will cause damage to big trees. For example, in the area of ​​Baldous Mountain in Qinling Mountains, due to the damage of takins to the big trees, many trees in the forest are infested by insects, cut off in the middle, and the fallen trees in the forest increase. Giant pandas prefer forests with many large trees and good bamboo growth, but do not like forests with many fallen trees. In addition, the scent marks made by the giant pandas on the trees will also be rubbed off by the takins, which undoubtedly affects the information exchange between the giant pandas. Especially during the estrus period, it is relatively difficult for giant pandas to reproduce. Coupled with the obstruction of takins, it affects the transmission of information between giant pandas of the opposite sex and indirectly affects their population development. Follow me and make a friend who understands animals.

(责任编辑:Birds)

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